What is a circular economy?

In our current economic system we still produce in a linear way: raw materials become products and then waste or fuel. This situation can not continue for much longer. Fortunately the attention for a new circular system grows, based on high-quality reuse and recycling. The waste of one is the raw material for the other. This evokes many entrepreneurial opportunities. Watch this 2 min. video for further explanation.



Why is the Netherlands taking the lead in circular economy? Watch this video that was made for the Netherlands Circular Hotspot campaign (2016).


Knowledge Map on Circular Economy

The Knowledge Map Circular Economy presents an overview of the present-day knowledge on circular economy issues. Per question, a short summary is provided, with more comprehensive answers below. These answers are a factual representation of the original source. Direct access to the publications is provided via the clickable literature list.

More information on Circular Economy

You might also want to look at these pages:

Online education circular economy – our overview of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC’s) in the field of circular economy.

Useful tools for circular entrepreneurship Рour selection of publications and tools that provide you with practical information about the circular economy and the steps you can take as an organization.

Circular Economy page of the Government of the Netherlands – on Dutch policies and programs to stimulate Circular Economy

Future.proof community Holland Circular Hotspot Рchallenges, solutions and more for circular entrepreneurs


Circle Lab Knowledge Hub

Circle Lab is an online platform for cities, businesses, and citizens to explore, brainstorm, and implement circular business models and strategies to tackle universal and local challenges. By digitising knowledge, opening up access, and encouraging co-creation, the aim is to break down information silos and fuel cross-industry collaboration and innovation.